One of the most challenging times in life is when your child hits the teenage years. Parenting teens is as much a rite of passage for you as it is for your teen. It’s when your sweet, agreeable child turns grumpy and often rebellious, pushing you away seemingly overnight.
I’ll never forget my own experience as a first-time parent of a teenager. During one incredibly difficult time, my 14-year-old son and I had just had an argument, and he stormed off abruptly. My daughter, who was five years younger, had witnessed the whole blow-up. As she saw the tears welling in my eyes, she looked up at me and said, “He’s still the sweet son you’ve always known; it’s just covered over right now, mom.”
Estimated reading time: 10 minutes
Teenage Brain Development
How Parents Can Inadvertently Keep Rebellion Going
Change Your Perspective to Understand Teen Rebellion
Teenage Rebellion: a Testing Ground for Connection
Is a Rebellious Teenager Stuck in Dependency?
Quote by Dr. Shefali Tsabary
Actions Parents Can Take to Tame Rebellion
How Does a Parent Help Regulate a Teen's Emotions?
Keys for Open Dialogue
Important Things to Remember
My daughter was right. Now, years later, as a parenting coach and relationship strategist, I give the same wisdom to parents struggling with their teen’s attitudes and mouthy reactions. The sweet and cooperative child is still there. One of the fears that I hear most from parents echoes the one I felt so many years ago: We are concerned with losing our relationship with our child.
We feel a stark separation as our teens pull away. Adding to the usual parental wear-and-tear are the razor-sharp barbs we feel from all the glares and verbal jabs (which are sometimes unnervingly accurate). If we allow ourselves to get hooked by these barbs, we start to buy into the lies that our teen is lost, rebellious, hates us, and no longer wants us in their life. Not true.
Even if teens know precisely where to land a punch to our egos, we must look beyond their behavior to their soul’s journey and our hope for them as mature, loving adults.
Related reading: “Visionary Parenting Is the Key to Capable and Happy Children.”
Teenage Brain Development
There’s no denying that the teenage years can be challenging. Your teen’s brain goes through significant changes, and hormones heighten their emotions. Peers attract their attention like a giant magnet while their desire for exploration is at an all-time high. Keep in mind that what I’m about to tell you is not an excuse for misbehavior, but a legitimate reason why your teen’s actions seem unpredictable. Their developing brain is quite literally making it difficult for them to control themselves because the amygdala is hijacking the logical part of their brain.
A Psychology Today article titled, Why Teens Are So Emotional explains this chemical and neural interaction:
“During teen years, the limbic system grows extra ears to listen to gossip and builds more buckets for the hypothalamus to pour in sex hormones such as testosterone (found in all teens, but much more in boys). So, a teen might end up misperceiving a benign ‘hello’ as ‘I am watching you’ or ‘I noticed that pimple.’”
But hang in there! Your parenting is the life raft your teen needs to get across the stormy waters of the teenage years to the shores of adulthood. And the older they get, the more their logical brain oversees the operations. Psychology Today goes on to explain how this happens:
“As teens get older (like in their early 20s), the limbic system listens to the more rational parts of the brain like the prefrontal cortex (PFC), and less to the amygdala gossip. More importantly, the PFC eventually develops and extends fast communication lines to the limbic system, and functions as the ‘brakes’ or inhibitor of excessive gossip. Parenting, education, and opportunities can guide and strengthen the connections between the limbic system and the PFC.”
As parents, when we yell at our teens, poke fun at them, get sarcastic, judge, react, punish, or criticize their friends, our messages can be easily misinterpreted, even if unintentional. Instead of laughing it off, the teenage brain is likely to reach different conclusions, such as:
- “I need to act a certain way to receive your love.”
- “You don’t like who I am because you’re always trying to change me.”
- “I have to be the person you want me to be, or you’ll withhold your love and support.”
- “You’re not interested in what I think, feel, believe, and experience. You only want me to behave in a certain way to make your life easier.”
- “You expect me to act respectfully when you don’t; who’s the adult here?”
By understanding how your child’s brain develops throughout their teenage years, you can better appreciate just how vital it is to be a sounding board and a stable figure in your teen’s life.
Related reading: “The Best Way to Deal with Teenage Rebellion.”
How Parents Can Inadvertently Keep Rebellion Going
A parent’s love is stronger than teenage rebellion. You’re determined to keep your teen safe even if they give you attitude. You show your love and desire to protect them by enforcing curfews, correcting behaviors, and handing out consequences. However, your teen may often view these sincere intentions as an attempt to violate their privacy and control them. Their job is to build autonomy and individuality, so this rebellious reaction is a natural response.
Unfortunately, teenage rebellion can also make you feel rejected and powerless, so you may react with frustration or by overexerting your authority. “Don’t you dare talk to me that way—you’re grounded!” Sound familiar?
When you try to overpower teenage rebellion, it confirms for your teen that their parent desires to control them, thus compounding the tension. Skewed perceptions of both parties create a gulf of misunderstanding that strains your parent-teen relationship. This dynamic often results in unnecessary conflicts, disagreements, and fights.
Why? Because once parents and teens feel estranged from one another, they begin to see each other through clouded lenses. This disconnect increases miscommunication, which, in turn, increases the disconnect, and round and round you go!
So, how do we get off this merry-go-round of angst and disconnection? Try looking at behavior and challenges from a new perspective.
Change Your Perspective to Understand Teen Rebellion
To play on the famous Verizon ad, “Can you hear me now?” wonder if your teen is simply saying, “Can you hear me now?” “Do you feel my feelings now?” “Do you love me now?”
What if your teen is testing the strength of your connection? What if the way you handle their behavior can fortify your relationship health and the durability of your love?
Often when I work with teens, they tell me that their parents don’t care about them (which is ridiculous, right!?). When we explore this sentiment further, a common scenario usually appears. The teen feels unheard or unloved, and they hide out in their bedroom for hours or days on end to avoid the tension. When this happens, it can feel like a relief for parents, a solace of sorts. Meanwhile, the teen brain is misinterpreting this lack of interaction as, “If my parents cared, they wouldn’t allow me to spend so much time alone in my room.”
What parents often don’t realize in this scenario is just how much they miss their teen—or how much their teen misses the closeness they once felt with their parents. When I mention to teens that their parent misses them, they refuse to believe it until they hear it directly from their parents. Once they do hear it, they often cry.
So, the next time your teen talks back or shuts down, take a moment to check in with your own thoughts. If you catch yourself thinking, “They’re just trying to make me mad!” try to remember how the teenage brain works. Remind yourself that your teen isn’t out to get you, but rather, they’ve probably misinterpreted something you said and need reassurance that you love them.
Teen Rebellion: A Testing Ground for Connection
If we move the dial of our perception slightly, rebellion is a testing ground for parents, so a teen feels safe. There are different ways your teen may seek reassurance and test your parent-child connection while building autonomy. Let’s look at a few:
1) Authenticity – Do your words and actions match? If not, can I believe you?
2) Hypocrisy – Are you living the values you’ve always preached? If not, why should I?
3) Safety and Preparedness – I need to find reasons to leave home. The safety of your love is too comforting, and I know the world can be unkind. The security makes it harder for me to separate (and I’m already scared of the vast responsibility of being on my own.)
4) Limits and Boundaries – Do you love me enough to be incredibly uncomfortable enforcing healthy boundaries when I push back?
5) Accountability and Acceptance – Are you strong enough to hold me accountable at my worst? If you are not, how will the world accept me when I leave home?
Is a Rebellious Teenager Stuck in Dependency?
According to Psychologist Carl E. Pickhardt, rebellion is dependency, not autonomy. To carve their own individuality, they need an accurate mirror and solid ground created by their parents.
“Although the young person thinks rebellion is an act of independence, it actually never is. It is really an act of dependency. Rebellion causes the young person to depend their self-definition and personal conduct on doing the opposite of what other people want.
That's why the antidote for rebellion is the true independence offered by creating and accepting a challenge — the young person deciding to do something hard with themselves for themselves in order to grow themselves. The teenager who finds a lot of challenges to engage with, and who has parents that support those challenges, doesn't need a lot of rebellion to transform or redefine him or herself in adolescence.”
If you overreact or react negatively, then your teen is more likely to engage and move to defend their self-respect and autonomy. In heated exchanges, they will fail to see themselves accurately, and they will not accept the need to change their behavior. Only when your teen has a safe and accurate mirror can they learn to self-correct and process their emotions efficiently. You’ll need to tolerate your own discomfort to be able to be effective and fully present for your children.
“The point about feelings is that they don’t have to make sense, don’t need to be justified, and don’t require our approval. Because we are so oriented to intellectualizing, we want to explain feelings away instead of allowing our children to simply experience them. The issue is our own discomfort, which we need to learn to tolerate.” ~Dr. Shefali Tsabary
Make the health of your relationship with your teen a top priority. Staying connected in loving ways is a crucial ingredient for developing your teen’s ability to regulate their emotions. Their brain architecture, specifically the frontal cortex, will successfully complete its development as you show them unconditional acceptance.
Key Actions Parents Can Take to Tame Rebellion
When it comes to a teen’s testing ground, there is one powerful thing that you can do as a parent to curb rebellion and misbehavior: MODEL the behavior, values, and respect that you want to see from them.
When you don’t behave the way you expect them to behave, they’ll bluntly point it out. You’ll also discover there are contradictions between your words and actions by how much your teen acts out.
Does this mean that your teen gets to act any way they please? Does it mean that you should let disrespect or dishonesty slide? Oh no! However, when you do hold your teen accountable to be their best, you need to do it with love and respect that’s backed by a sincere desire to understand their point of view.
Teenagers need you to catch them in the safety net of your love and accept them unconditionally.
So, what exactly do you need to model?
The teen brain needs a parent’s stability and calmness to modulate their emotions as their brains complete their wiring.
Brain development requires extensive life experiences. The lack of maturation of your teen’s brain is why they can be quick-witted and highly intelligent at calm times but unable to respond respectfully at stressful times. Therefore, your responses and communication with your teen directly influence their developing brain.
How Does a Parent Create Calmness and Help Regulate Their Teen’s Emotions?
Related reading: “Teenage Rebellion and the Teen Parent Connection.”
I get it. Staying calm during intense confrontations isn’t easy. We’ll all reach our limit, so when you’re about to blow a gasket, say, “If I respond right now, I’m going to regret what I say. I need to self-calm, then let’s talk.” This models self-restraint and self-calming. Then get in touch with your love for your teen and circle back to discuss what happened and resolve it.
Now, you may be skeptical that this tactic will work, or think that your teen would interpret this as accepting misbehavior. When teaching my Hacking the Teen Brain parenting class, parents often have difficulty when I recommend responding to teens with empathy and calmness. They think that treating teens with love and respect when they are being disrespected is akin to rewarding negative behavior. One dad in a class told me that his 16-year-0ld daughter was going to obey and respect him no matter what.
I asked him a couple of questions:
- “What are you modeling when you yell and overpower your daughter?”
- “Fast forward six years: Do you want your daughter to be submissive to a husband who disrespects her or for her to tolerate possible abuse?”
Silence. He got it! And then immediately volunteered to practice the skill of setting firm boundaries with empathy.
Our teens need to practice emotional modulation and self-control in a safe environment before they can do it where the risks are higher. There’s nothing more reliable than our love.
What we forget in the heat of the moment is our long-term goals for our teens; we drop our primary responsibility: to model. When we get angry and yell, we teach them to react the same way; when we overpower them, we teach them to either dominate others or to be submissive to those stronger than themselves.
To be a self-reliant, respectful, interdependent adult requires maturity and skill. One of the reasons effective modeling is so powerful is that we are showing teens how to navigate relationships successfully, even when it is difficult.
Model Open-Mindedness to Create Opportunities for Open Dialogue
You’re bound to have different opinions than your teen. They are learning and growing. They’re deciding who they are and what they believe as they individuate. Support them in this personal growth and identity development. Listen and create a space for them to be themselves without censure, judgment, or commentary. Wait for them to ask your opinion; then be engaged, but lovingly detached when they disagree.
Your teenager needs to know that you’re interested in who they are becoming. Get curious when they challenge your beliefs. Create opportunities to listen. Seek to understand. You imparted your values when they were younger. Now let them decide what is right for them and what they will value as they become young adults.
Welcome friendly arguments. Although intense, this form of communication is rich for understanding your teenager far better. Use heated discussions as a springboard to discover how your teen thinks. When you allow this type of banter, you learn what concepts they are exploring, possible moral dilemmas they are struggling with, or relationship challenges they are grappling with. Now, you have an opportunity to impact your teen and provide critical input that their peers most likely won’t have.
Be solid. Stay steady. Be a foundation of stability for your teens, where they can always come to find their ground and rediscover themselves and their truth.
Keys for Open Dialogue:
It takes practice for anyone to be comfortable admitting when they’re wrong. As parents, we don’t have all the answers, and we’re going to make mistakes. Sorry to break it to you: There are no perfect parents. Don’t pretend to have all the answers, but be willing to discuss and arrive at win-win solutions.
Admit when you made a mistake and apologize when you assumed something and reacted unfairly.
Many parents have told me that they were never allowed to have opinions growing up; they weren’t allowed to question their parents; they weren’t allowed to object. “Do as you’re told” was their parents’ response to every situation. This reaction stifled their abilities to trust themselves, voice opinions, and share what they are thinking. And this stranglehold robbed them of a rich inner world and intimacy with their friends and spouses.
Obedience is overrated. Why?
Children and teens need to practice resolving conflict while respecting the rights of others. If we only expect and enforce obedience, they miss out on crucial opportunities to flex these muscles. Critical thinking is valuable, especially with all that teens are up against today. When children only obey without asserting their desires, they practice submission and compliance (or rebellion). They need to first be themselves and experiment with voicing their truth in the safety net of loving parents. These parent-child interactions are how they learn to be respectful when communicating.
And parents don't have all the answers; you'll be pleasantly surprised how incredible the interior life of a teen is and how much they want to share themselves with you.
And don’t be afraid to be human. Model humility. One of the greatest gifts you can give your children and teens is the knowledge of human vulnerability while also setting healthy boundaries to care for ourselves.
If you can incorporate modeling and the actions mentioned earlier into your parenting, you will build a more resilient relationship with your teen, and you will assist in your teens’ healthy brain development. Plus, your family will be closer, too. It’s worth the effort!
Related reading: "Parenting Tips to Encourage Self-Reliance and Decrease People Pleasing in Children."
Things to Remember
Keep in mind what my daughter so aptly reminded me of years ago, the sweetness of your teen is only covered up for now. It will return, and you have the power to expedite its return. You hold the keys. It’s up to you whether your teen opens the door to their inner self. Remember to view your teen’s behavior as a cry for connection and love!
They want to know, “Can you hear me now?” “Do you feel my feelings now?” “Do you love me now?”
Your love is greater than teenage rebellion. Stay encouraged!
Related reading: “Keys to Turn Defiance into Healthy Self-Esteem.”
For personalized parenting coaching, contact us at Heartmanity and check out our many parenting resources and parenting classes.