Our brains have about a hundred billion neurons with neuropathways longer than the earth's distance to the moon. That's a lot of pathways needing construction if we want to break bad habits!
Recently, road construction sparked a greater awareness of how our brain's neural pathways work. I was driving home across the Bozeman Pass on Interstate 90, and there was a string of construction signs for several miles. Initially, the signs signaled to reduce speed to 55. Next, the right lane would be closed in a half mile; then, another speed reduction. All of the cars in front of me obediently followed the instructions (“DOUBLE FINES IN WORK ZONES,” after all).
How Psychological Priming and Conditioning Limit our Responses
As we drove slowly along at 35 mph in single file for several miles, I realized that there was no construction whatsoever. Perhaps the construction team was setting up for future work or hadn’t yet picked up the markers and signs after finishing that stretch. Nonetheless, it reminded me of how easily we follow rules and others' requests without questioning them once we have been psychological primed by past experience. This tendency is the essence of human conditioning.
Repeated experiences throughout our lives train us to follow rules, regulations, and instructions, like when we were children and were dismissed for recess or lunch by the school bell ringing. Or like clocking in and out at work, or purchasing the latest gadget that is advertised. However, sometimes we are so carefully following directions from outside of us that we can coast along on automatic pilot.
One thing that fascinates me about the brain is that it has road maps of neural pathways, much like the highways and byways of our cities and towns. The more we use a pathway, the bigger, faster, and stronger it becomes. This neural strengthening through repetitive use is one of the reasons bad habits are hard to break. And just as we need to repair and upgrade our roads and highways, we sometimes need to improve our brains' wiring to increase the quality of our lives.
Utilizing Our Brains' Neural Plasticity for Positive Change
Our brains have what’s called neural plasticity, meaning that they can—and do—change according to what we put our attention on. Unlike animals, we have the unique ability to choose what we pay attention to. And regularly putting our attention on something specific actually creates new neural pathways or strengthens existing pathways of our brains. This is amazing and an incredible opportunity! We have the power to change the map of our brain.Why would we want to change the map?
Sometimes these pathways can work against us, like my well-trodden one to the pleasure of a latte at Coffee Creek. (Sweet, specialty coffee at five bucks a crack adds up fast and gets expensive so I decided to break the habit!) The more we repeat something, the more unconscious and automatic the habit becomes—and the harder the pattern is to change. This difficulty is why we often slide back into old habits after making a promise to ourselves to do something different, like getting more exercise or eating healthier. Ever wonder why breaking habits is so difficult?
One of the things that has helped me change more quickly and easily is to utilize the plasticity of the brain and how it maps. I decide what I want to change and then I pick a symbol to remind me to think or act differently. For instance, I can use the construction signs as a symbolic reminder to be more consciously aware and fully alive, or to slow down and appreciate all the many wonderful people in my life. Each time I see a sign to slow down for construction ahead, instead of grumbling, I can let it remind me to breath deeply.
This simple exercise encourages mindfulness and begins to train us to choose our thoughts instead of be in reaction to circumstances.
Another example could be the recent requirement to wear masks in public places for the prevention of Covid-19. We can grumble or think of it as a caring act to protect those with compromised immune systems. Wearing a mask is an uncomfortable experience; yet, many are now getting accustomed to wearing them regularly. The longer and more we wear them, the more it becomes normal for the brain.
Related reading: "How to Build Healthier Habits for a Healthier Life"
Summer months are quickly coming to an end. The next time you’re caught in traffic or feeling claustrophobic in your mask, use it as an opportunity to call to mind something meaningful.
For example, if you find yourself delayed and frustrated in a long line of cars poking along at a snail’s pace, use the time to think of three things you’re grateful for. Instead of complaining about the hassle of road construction or masks, let the situation awaken a spark in you and begin to practice gratitude. Or allow both to remind you to be more conscious. Do it enough, and a new pathway of gratitude will start to become a habit—and a new neural pathway will grow!
For more about brain training or to learn how to repattern bad habits, contact us at Heartmanity. Transforming lives is our business!